How Do Water Softeners Work?

download (3)Before discussing water softeners we should first understand what hard water is and how does it affect your household. Hard water I the primary cause of several problems, such as clogged up shower heads and drains, staining of bathroom tiles, soap scum on dishes, and stiff clothing from the laundry. Too much of dissolved calcium and magnesium and calcium causes water. Installing a home water softener system allows you to improve the condition of the water supply to your house. A few of the benefits of soft water is fewer calcium deposits and soap scum in your shower heads, drains, and faucets. It also conserves the amount of soap used for cleansing your hair and skin. Mineral deposit like limescale and hard water are the primary cause that leads to the failure of water heaters and washing machines. This also reduces the efficiency of the boiler and other heating systems.

Thankfully, one can install water softening devices without any chemicals or plumbing, which softens your water, improve the efficiency of your heating system, remove minerals, as well as save you money by preventing your heating appliances from breaking down sans any plumbing or chemicals.

These devices function by first coiling aerials around the cold water feed. Following this, a series of extremely low-frequency radio signals are electronically induced into the water, leading to the magnetization of the minerals and helps to break up the minerals, and even breaks up deposits of minerals such as limescale, which are already deposited in your appliances.

The ion exchange process removes water hardness with the help of potassium and sodium ions. Hard ions are removed from the hard water when it passes through beads made of resin. Following this potassium and sodium or potassium ions are released into the water. This leads to the exchange of ions that cause softness and hardness.

The slow rinse cycle procedure involves flowing water continuously through the educator, located at the tank’s top to its bottom while it passes through the resin. The hard elements and brine are removed from the resin in this procedure. The water finally flows into the lower collector and goes upwards to the riser via a valve going towards the drain.

The service cycle involves passing of water via a valve at the tank’s top, which then flows through the tank’s lower portion, which contains resin. When water passes through the resin, it collects elements, which cause hardness in water, through the ion exchange process. This softened water finally goes through passes through slots as well as a valve that pushes water through your water supply pipes that provide water to your household.

The Remarkable Benefits Of Water Softeners

download (5)Water softeners are units that are applied to remove minerals or salts that harden the water. The chemicals include calcium and magnesium ions. The minerals harden water which has many disadvantages while using in homes. Therefore, softened water is advantageous in both domestic and industrial use.

The first benefit of water softeners is that they mitigate the damages done to the kitchen by hard water. Kitchen utensils are the most affected by hard water as they always interact with hard water. Primarily hard water causes etching and dullness to kitchen cooking pots, pans, kettles, and teapots. This makes the utensils appear dirty; however, they are washed and packed. Again, hard water irritates the inner sides of the kettles and pots while boiling. Therefore, the water softeners remove the effects of dullness, etch and soap films from the utensils.

Frequent use of water softeners makes the skin look healthier, smooth and nourished well throughout. The combination of soap and shampoo with the use of hard water when bathing makes the skin appear sticky because calcium and magnesium ions mix with the soap ions. The soap film remains clogged on the body pores, a better environment for the growth of bacteria. This causes to the development of skin rashes, irritations, and itchy skin.

Water softeners are the best in maintaining the hot water pipes and heaters. When water with calcium and magnesium ions are passed through water heaters, the minerals get deposited at the walls of the kettles and heaters. This vulnerable leads to the bursting of such equipment. Therefore, it is equally important to soften water because the replacement of these devices is expensive compared to the application of water softeners.

Further, water softeners reduce the faucet and pipe damaging rates. The pipes and faucets clog easily when water with calcium and magnesium passes through. The clogging attracts minor repairs and replacement costs. The use of water softeners eliminates the accumulation of such minerals; therefore, no repairs and replacements.

Hard water wastes soap and shampoo as it forms a thin film on the hands that need more soap to get rid of the film. Productive water is water that uses less detergent. Hard water also dirties white clothing as it leaves stains and spots on the clothes. Soft water is convenient in producing cleaner results on white cloths, and it saves soap and shampoo.

Therefore, the use of water softeners is important as it softens water hence making it safe for domestic use. Soft water maintains kitchen equipment and is safe to bath because it does not cause skin irritations.
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Buying Guide To Water Softeners

download (4)Hard water may not be harmful but it is disgusting to use. When used with soap, the mineral ions prevent the formation of lather thus making laundry difficult. If there are white deposits on your taps or pipework, chances are that you have a hard water problem. Worse still, hard water causes scale cakes in heaters making them fail. Water softeners are designed to remove these ions or change their chemical properties.

Types of Water Softeners

Ion-Exchange Softeners
It is the presence of metal ions such as calcium, manganese, iron, and magnesium that makes water hard. Water ion exchange softeners work by releasing ions of a different covalence to combine with the ions in water. Three salts are mainly used to provide these ions, from which the respective water softeners are named. These include sodium, potassium, and hydrogen. A sodium ion exchange softener exchanges sodium ions for those of the hard minerals.

Salt-Free Softeners
Potassium chloride may be used as a substrate in place of sodium to form a salt-free water softener. However, these softeners do not remove mineral ions from the water but prevent the formation of scales on surfaces. This saves you the nuisance of spotted dishes or white deposits in sinks and bathtubs. Salt-free softeners are great options for people restricted from intake of sodium.

Magnetic Softeners
Electronic softeners are relatively new in the market and are yet to be universally accepted. The plug and play devices are connected to the outside of the incoming water pipe from which they charge the metal ions in the water. This changes their properties, making them impossible to settle on pipes and surfaces.

Water Softener Regeneration
The operation of salt-based softeners leads to the formation of a hardness solution in the resin of the unit. This residue must be removed either manually or automatically in a process called regeneration. In a non-electric softener, the unit relies on the incoming water pressure to get rid of the residue. Other units are metered in that they regenerate after a certain volume of water has been softened. A timed softener regenerates at preset periods.

Dual-Tank Units
Salt-based softeners may be cheap but they cut water supply during regeneration. This can be inconveniencing especially if there are high water demands. This problem can be addressed by installing a dual-tank softening system. One tank is used for regeneration when the other is used for water supply. This ensures a continuous supply without the inconveniences of the single tank units.

Final Thoughts
Ion-exchange water softeners are the most pronounced units due to their effectiveness. However, there are several other softening options that are as much effective. The choice for a softening unit narrows down to the water demand and individual preferences.

Options for Whole House Home Water Softeners

Let Home Water Softener Reviews help you to determine which whole house (point of entry) options are best for your family. The first thing I’d like to remind you is that if you are looking for a “salt-free” water softening unit, then what you are actually looking at is called a “descaler” since true “soft water” designs do use sodium. It is part and parcel of the design of such systems.

So, what we’ll likely do here at this site will be to first differentiate between the types of “softeners” and then break it down from there. Then, what usually happens is that people begin to think about other options for their households, because all of a sudden they realize that maybe it’s not just the mineral hardness that they are concerned about, but excessive chlorine in the water and more.

We will do our best to categorize the various options for you as we put the site together. In the meantime, welcome!